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Pregnancy Expert on how Birth Control Pills work, How They Affect a Woman’s Body

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Pregnancy expert on how birth control pills work, how they affect a woman's body

Pregnancy expert on how birth control pills work, how they affect a woman's body

How do birth control pills function?

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Pratima Thamke, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Motherhood Hospital in Kharghar, explained, “The majority of birth control tablets are “combination pills,” which include a mixture of the hormones oestrogen and progesterone to prevent ovulation (the release of an egg during the monthly menstrual cycle). A female cannot become pregnant if she does not ovulate since there is no egg to be fertilised.”

She added, “The pill also works by thickening the mucus surrounding the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus and reach any released eggs. The hormones in the Pill can also occasionally alter the uterine lining, making it harder for an egg to adhere to the uterine wall.”

Effects on a woman’s body

She highlighted, “Most people assume that hormonal birth control is only used to prevent pregnancy. While it is more successful than other kinds of birth control, its benefits go beyond pregnancy avoidance. They can even be used to address other health issues including heavy menstruation, regularise cycles, endometriosis, adenomyosis and hirsutism. Hormonal birth control, on the other hand, is not without risks. As with every medicine, there are both positive and negative side effects that impact everyone differently.”

Dr Pratima Thamke revealed, “Although everyone reacts differently to hormones, each kind has comparable advantages and hazards. If you want to use birth control, talk to your doctor about which form is best for you. The effectiveness of birth control is determined by how consistently you use it. If the negative effects linger for an extended period of time or are really unpleasant, it is advised to consult with a healthcare practitioner about trying an alternative brand or form of birth control.”

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